How to end Mandatory Vaccination?

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If you are wondering how we can ever put an end to these draconian COVID-19 mandates that are destroying lives and sanity around the world, rest assured. History can help us in this regard.

Parallels between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Smallpox Pandemics

The parallels between the COVID-19 pandemic and its countermeasures and those of earlier smallpox pandemics are fascinating, and therein we may also find the answer to our current dilemma.

Smallpox, a highly infectious and disfiguring disease with a mortality rate of about 30%, has been around for many centuries, probably thousands of years. For the past four centuries, compulsory vaccination has been a recurring governmental countermeasure to such outbreaks, often with devastating results, and there have always been large segments of society that have resisted it.

In the 1700s, Boston, Massachusetts, was hit by a series of outbreaks, and the introduction of a vaccine led to a fierce rebellion by those who considered it dangerous and a violation of God’s will. The local newspapers were full of arguments for and against the vaccine.

The hypodermic needle had not been invented at that time, so vaccination consisted of rubbing some cowpox pus into an open wound on the arm. Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, who had introduced the vaccination at the urging of Rev. Cotton Mather, had to go into hiding and was eventually arrested. An arson attack was made on Mather’s home.

One of the largest protests of the century took place in Leicester in 1885. The Leicester government was ousted, compulsory vaccination was abolished, and public health measures opposed by the medical profession were introduced. These measures were very successful and, once introduced worldwide, ended the smallpox epidemic that most mistakenly believe was caused by vaccination. ~ A Midwestern doctor

In 1862, it was the turn of Los Angeles, California. Mandatory vaccination was reinstated, and those who refused were arrested. Those infected feared forced quarantine in a “plague house” miles outside the city limits, and for good reason. It was a place where one was dumped to die without even a bed sheet for comfort.

The Revolt of the Opponents of Vaccination in 1885

In the decades that followed, smallpox outbreaks occurred all over the world, and compulsory vaccination was usually the solution, even though it carried its own risks. In 1885, England became the scene of a massive anti-vaccination movement that eventually led people to overturn the government-imposed vaccination requirement.

As the BBC reported on December 28, 2019, just weeks before COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic:

In the late 19th century, tens of thousands of people took to the streets to oppose compulsory smallpox vaccination. Arrests, fines, and even prison sentences ensued.

Banners were waved calling for the repeal of vaccination laws, the bane of our nation, and people swore, “Better a crime cell than a poisoned baby.” Copies of the hated laws were burned in the streets and the effigy of the simple country doctor who was seen as the culprit for the smallpox protection program was lynched.

A Substack user named “A Midwestern Doctor” describes this part of the story and explains why it is relevant to us today. He writes:

What is happening now in Canada and elsewhere is almost identical to what happened in the smallpox vaccination campaigns over a century ago, and I believe it is critical that we understand these lessons from the past, and it is important that this message gets out to truckers.

In short, the original smallpox vaccine was an unusually harmful vaccine that was never tested before it was introduced. It increased rather than decreased the number of smallpox outbreaks.

As the danger and ineffectiveness of the vaccine became known, public protest against it grew. But as smallpox increased, governments around the world introduced increasingly draconian compulsory vaccinations instead.

One of the largest protests of the century finally occurred in the English city of Leicester in 1885. The Leicester government was ousted, compulsory vaccination was abolished, and public health measures opposed by the medical profession were introduced.

These measures were highly successful and, once introduced worldwide, ended the smallpox epidemic that most mistakenly believe was caused by vaccination.

The alternative countermeasure taken in Leicester was to quarantine infected persons and to notify all persons who had been in close contact with the patient. In addition, a “ring vaccination” was carried out, in which hospital employees who cared for infected patients were vaccinated.

When smallpox broke out again between 1892 and 1894, Leicester got off lightly, with a case rate of 20.5 cases per 10,000 population. Overall, there were 370 cases and 21 deaths in the city-far fewer than in the towns of Warrington and Sheffield, where vaccination rates were high.

On the other hand, there were well-vaccinated areas that had lower case rates and fewer deaths, and areas with low vaccination rates that also fared worse in this regard, so vaccination was probably not the determining factor in either case.

In 1898, the United Kingdom introduced a new law that allowed people to opt out of vaccination on moral grounds. As the BBC reports, this was “the first time ‘conscientious objection’ was recognized in British law.” Now we must fight to regain that right, all over the world.

Dissolving Illusions

“A Midwestern Physician “10 reviews Dr. Suzanne Humphries’ 2009 book, Dissolving Illusions: Disease, Vaccines, and the Forgotten History, in which she refutes the notion that vaccines (and certain other medical interventions) are single-handedly responsible for better health and longer life expectancy. As a nephrologist (kidney specialist), Humphries noticed a pattern among her patients.

Many who suffered kidney damage or failure had recently received a flu shot. That was the only common denominator. So she began to question the hospital’s routine practice of vaccinating patients. Humphries was flatly ignored and eventually forced to leave the hospital. The book grew out of her frustration with people who insisted that vaccines had eradicated scourges like polio and smallpox. As she delved into research, she found something very different.

As for smallpox and smallpox vaccination, living conditions during the Industrial Revolution were terrible. Plagues and outbreaks of infection were commonplace, not because of inadequate vaccination, but because sanitation was virtually nonexistent and people, including children, were overworked and malnourished. Early progressives believed that deadly epidemics could be prevented by improving living and working conditions, and they were right.

We know this because other plagues for which there were no vaccines disappeared along with smallpox and polio. While the medical industry eventually embraced vaccination and over time increasingly treated it as something that could not be challenged or questioned, Humphries’ book describes the opposition.

Smallpox Opposition

As it turns out, many physicians opposed smallpox vaccination and published data showing its dangers. For example:

In 1799, after vaccinating numerous children, Dr. Woodville noted that “cowpox has proved in several cases to be a very serious disease. In three or four cases out of 500, the patient was in considerable danger, and one child even died.”

In 1809, the Medical Observer reported more than a dozen cases of often fatal smallpox that occurred up to a year after vaccination. The 1810 Medical Observer recorded 535 cases of smallpox after vaccination (97 of which were fatal) and 150 cases of severe vaccine injury.

The 1817 London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review reported that many vaccinated people still contracted smallpox.

In 1818, after vaccinating 1,200 people, Thomas Brown, a 30-year old surgeon and ardent supporter of vaccination, noted “The reports from all parts of the world wherever vaccination has been introduced … the cases of failure have now increased to an alarming extent.”

In 1829, The Lancet described a recent smallpox outbreak, noting, “It affected many who had had smallpox before, and often severely, almost to the point of death; and of those who had been vaccinated, it left some alone, but affected a large number.”

In 1845, Dr. George Gregory reported, “In the smallpox epidemic of 1844, about one-third of those vaccinated contracted a mild form of smallpox, but about 8% of those vaccinated still died, and nearly two-thirds became seriously ill.”

In 1829, William Cobbett, a farmer, journalist, and English pamphleteer, wrote: “In hundreds of cases, persons inoculated with cowpox by JENNER SELF have afterwards contracted true smallpox, and have either died of the disease or narrowly escaped with their lives!”

An 1850 letter to the Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle claimed that more people were admitted to the London Smallpox Hospital in 1844 than during the smallpox epidemic of 1781, before vaccination was introduced, and that one-third of the smallpox deaths were people who had been previously vaccinated.

Shifting the Goal Post

When it became clear that the smallpox vaccine was not capable of providing the long-lasting immunity originally promised, the medical profession shifted the goalpost and began to justify vaccination on the grounds that it could protect against more severe disease, even if it could not provide lifelong “perfect” immunity as recovery from infection could.

This has been a basic mantra ever since, and during this COVID pandemic we got a double dose of it. Within a few months, the goal was changed from “two doses are almost 100% effective” to “two doses will wear off in six months and make you more susceptible to serious illness after that.” A bargain!

Corruption of Vital Statistics Protects the Narrative of Vaccination

Worse, the trend of not reporting vaccine injuries out of “fidelity to practice,” as Henry May noted in the Birmingham Medical Review in January 1874, has continued unabated. According to May, vaccinated people who died were usually listed as having died of another disease or falsely listed as “unvaccinated.” As “A Midwestern Doctor” notes:

This distortion of vital statistics complicates the evaluation of vaccine effectiveness in many ways, and is also why many authors have noted that only the total number of deaths (regardless of cause) can be used to evaluate COVID-19 vaccination, since it cannot be falsified.

However, there is another significant overlap with the early polio campaigns (also described in Dissolving Illusions), in which the diagnostic criteria for “polio” were repeatedly adjusted to meet the political need for polio cases.

Governments responded to this skepticism by gradually enforcing vaccination with increasing force. In England, vaccination became mandatory in 1853, and stricter laws were enacted in 1867. In the United States, Massachusetts enacted a series of comprehensive vaccination laws in 1855 (leading to the Supreme Judicial Court case Jacobson v. Massachusetts-a case often cited in connection with state-enforced vaccination).

Lemuel Shattuck, in an 1856 report, emphasized the need for vaccination and urged that Boston city authorities enforce house-to-house vaccination.

A situation arose that I call the “positive feedback cycle of vaccination.” Remember that most systems in nature tend to be negative feedback systems. When something happens in these systems, the system corrects itself and shuts down, rather than accelerating as it does in a positive feedback system.

The Cycle proceeds as follows:

There is a disease of concern.

Vaccination is mentioned as a possible solution to the problem.

A vaccination campaign is conducted and worsens the problem.

Now that the problem has worsened, the need for vaccination to solve it increases, and another campaign is conducted.

This makes the problem worse.

This increases the need for more aggressive action to increase vaccination rates.

This exacerbates the problem and continues the cycle that soon leads to very questionable government actions aimed at forcing unwilling parties to vaccinate.

The driving forces behind this process appear to be an unquestionable belief in vaccination, a belief that dates back to the time of smallpox, that vaccinating an ever-increasing proportion of the population can end epidemics through vaccination (now referred to as herd immunity), and that the government has limited options to address the problem besides vaccination and government force.

The Impact of Forced Smallpox Vaccinations

“A Midwestern Doctor” continues, describing the impact of the government’s insistence on forced smallpox vaccinations:

Consistent with the positive feedback cycle, these results were found everywhere. In the United States, the government instituted strict enforcement of vaccination in 1855 as smallpox worsened in Boston.

This was followed by the epidemics of 1859-1860, 1864-1865, 1867 (these were all similar in size to earlier epidemics), and then the infamous epidemic of 1872-1873, which dwarfed all earlier epidemics (it claimed 1040 lives, at a rate of 280 deaths per 100,000 people).

By the end of 1868, more than 95% of Chicago’s residents had been vaccinated. After the Great Fire of 1871, strict vaccination laws were enacted, and vaccination was made a condition of receiving relief supplies. In 1872, Chicago was hit by a devastating smallpox epidemic that sickened over 2000 people, of whom more than 25% died, with the mortality rate among children under 5 being the highest ever recorded.

A 1900 medical article looked at vaccination in three European countries. In England, of 9392 smallpox patients in London hospitals, 6,854 had been vaccinated, and 17.5% of the 9,392 patients died.

In Germany, “according to official figures, one million vaccinated persons died of smallpox between 1870 and 1885.” In France, “every recruit entering the French army is vaccinated.” During the Franco-Prussian War, there were 23,469 cases of smallpox in that army.

An 1888 Encyclopedia Britannica article describes Prussia’s strict vaccination practices throughout its population (including mandatory booster vaccination for school children): despite the fact that Prussia was the best vaccinated country in Europe, its mortality from smallpox in the 1871 epidemic was higher (59,839) than any other northern state.

Other countries reported the same smallpox trends, including Italy and Japan, where smallpox mortality was unprecedented after successful vaccination campaigns. Vaccine injuries, including deaths, were also common. It is shocking how closely the abysmal results of smallpox vaccination match COVID vaccinations.

One of the most common causes of death after smallpox vaccination was erysipelas, a painful bacterial skin disease. An 1890 Encyclopedia Britannica article reported that smallpox vaccination had caused a catastrophic erysipelas epidemic. Other side effects included jaundice, syphilis, tuberculosis, and vaccinatoreczema (a rare and fatal skin disease).

Massive historic Public Protests over 135 Years Ago

As skepticism and opposition to smallpox vaccination grew, measures were stepped up. Vaccination objectors were fined, jailed, and sometimes forcibly vaccinated. Parents were even forced to have their second child vaccinated, even if the first child died from the vaccination. At times, riots broke out. A Midwestern doctor describes what happened next:

In 1884, 5,000 court summonses were issued against the unvaccinated, a caseload that completely overwhelmed the court system. Letters in local newspapers of the time revealed widespread contempt for the irrationality of the process and the staunch defense of a dangerous practice by the medical profession that had clearly failed over the previous 80 years.

Tensions reached a boiling point, and on March 23, 1885, a large protest was held, attended by an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 people. It was composed of citizens of all occupations from all over England and was supported by citizens from all over Europe who were unable to attend the demonstration.

The procession was 2 miles (3.22 km) long and demonstrated the public sentiment against vaccination that was evident throughout the crowd. The demonstration was successful and the local government agreed and recognized the demands for freedom. Many of the descriptions of this protest (and the jubilant mood there) are very similar to the accounts I have read of the truckers’ protest.

Mr. Alderman Butcher, of Leicester, addressed the demonstrators and spoke of the growing opinion that the best way to get rid of smallpox and deadly infectious diseases was to drink plenty of water, eat well, and live in light and airy houses, while it was the duty of the community to keep the streets clean and the sewers in good order. He stressed that if this was not done, it was unlikely that an Act of Parliament or vaccination could prevent the diseases.

That same year, after the protest, the government was replaced, the mandates were repealed, and by 1887 vaccination coverage had dropped to 10%. To replace the vaccination model, Leicester activists proposed a system of immediately quarantining people with smallpox, disinfecting their homes and quarantining their contacts, and improving public hygiene.

The medical profession vehemently opposed this model and eagerly prophesied that Leicester’s “gigantic experiment” would soon lead to a terrible “massacre,” especially of unprotected children, whom government doctors considered “bags of gunpowder” that could easily blow up schools (along with many other hateful and exaggerated statements directed at them).

This smallpox apocalypse would forever serve as a lesson against the vaccine denial on which the medical profession relied. [The predicted catastrophe failed to materialize, however, and Leicester experienced significantly lower smallpox rates in subsequent epidemics than other fully vaccinated cities (between 1/2 and 1/32).

Over the decades, however, a gradual public acceptance of Leicester’s methods prevailed. Even 30 years later, however, a New York Times article still predicted disaster, and Leicester desperately needed to change its methods.

Fortunately, the value of Leicester’s novel approach to quarantine and improving public hygiene was recognized and gradually adopted around the world, eventually leading to the eradication of smallpox.

It is important to remember that these protests occurred at a time when the population was much lower, so the percentage of the population was much higher. In 1885, the population of Great Britain was only 36,015,500, so a protest of 100,000 people was barely 0.3% of the total population. As of February 16, 2022, the current population of Great Britain is 68,471,390, so in percentage terms, about 205,400 people would have to take to the streets to make this protest happen.

History Repeats Itself

Those who do not know history are bound to repeat it, and that is exactly what we seem to have allowed to happen in the last two years. Many physicians predicted and warned that the pandemic would be prolonged and worsened by the introduction of non-sterilizing vaccines (i.e., vaccines that do not prevent infection and transmission). And that is exactly what we have now experienced.

Predictions of devastating side effects have also come to pass. And as opposition to vaccination grew, draconian mandates followed. History teaches us that forced vaccinations are not the answer. History also teaches us how to resist a tyrannical government’s insistence on forced vaccinations.

The answer is peaceful refusal. The answer is to stand together en masse and say, “Enough. Enough.” The truckers in Canada, the U.S., Belgium and elsewhere have the right idea, and the rest of us need to join them and support them in any way we can.

Like the smallpox vaccination campaigns, the COVID-19 vaccination campaign was so egregious that it inspired a major worldwide protest movement, with the current protests resembling on a large scale those that took place 135 years ago, writes A Midwestern Doctor.

My hope is that this movement remembers the lessons of the past and carries them into the present so that a future generation will not have to repeat our mistakes.

If you want to learn more about the fraud in all vaccines, I encourage you to carefully read Suzanne Humphries’ excellent book, Dissolving Illusions. In my opinion, it is the best book available on this subject.


1. FDA Smallpox

2. World J Surg 2020; 44(9): 2837-2841

3. LAist Los Angeles Smallpox Outbreak

4. BBC December 28, 2019

5. A Midwestern Doctor Substack February 13, 2022

6. Steve Kirsch Substack February 13, 2022


8. Worldometer UK population